Main Types of Lighting in Interior Design

The lighting in a home changes the mood of a room just as it does the perceived size of a room. Placement and type are important aspects of interior design, and they work in conjunction with color selections, room size, availability of natural light, and furniture selection. The elements that come together when the right lighting is achieved transform a room into a seamless combination of functionality and style.

Modern interior designers know the importance of appropriate types of lighting in any space. Lighting design plays a key role in creating the right mood and adjusting the ambiance of interior spaces. Interior designers have different lighting resources that help create functional spaces that can adjust to those specific needs of clients.

It is important to understand the use of each type of lighting source available and which particular need it will satisfy in a successful home lighting plan. There are a variety of ways in which lighting can be implemented in a room to create beautiful interiors.

  • General lighting – 

This is one of the first layers of lighting used in interior design and refers to the light used for the overall illumination of the space. These types of lighting sources provide basic lighting requirements to create an accessible space where users can move around easily in a safe way.  Recessed ceiling lights or overhead ceiling fixtures can meet general lighting needs. General lighting can sometimes be the existing lighting or part of the new lighting design plan.

  • Task lighting – 

The next type of lighting designers utilize is task lighting. Interior design professionals evaluate the types of activities that will take place in each area of the room to make sure that there is an adequate amount of light for the function and that the intensity is strong enough to illuminate any space that needs specific light. 
Task lighting allows us to place appropriate light sources where it is most needed, illuminating specific areas and providing visibility for activities such as reading, cooking, dressing, or doing homework. Focus on areas above kitchen counters, bathroom vanities, desks, or next to bedsides or chairs to determine the task light that is most appropriate.

  • Accent Lighting – 

The last layer of a well-designed lighting plan includes decorative accent lighting. Professional lighting designers and residential interior designers turn to accent lighting to add decorative elements and create a strong visual impact. Accent lighting is a resource used in modern interior design that can highlight certain elements like paintings, sculptures, an entrance, or an architectural feature. Often times, accent lighting may be its own unique design element that is the showpiece of the space such as an elegant chandelier, or dramatic pendants.

When selecting the lighting for your space, keep in mind these types of lighting that designers layer into all interior spaces. Accurate combinations of lighting resources can completely change the experience and ambiance of your home. Interior design professionals and lighting professionals are available to assist you in developing a home lighting plan that will showcase your style and meet the function of each space.